2004 tsunami thailand

2004 tsunami thailand

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While underwater, they … Thousands of Thais dependent on tourism-related industries lost their jobs, not just in the south but also in the poorest part of Thailand, Isan in the north-east, where many workers in the tourism industry come from. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. The Thai government reported 4,812 confirmed deaths, 8,457 injuries, and 4,499 missing after the country was hit by a tsunami caused by the Indian Ocean earthquake on 26 December 2004. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Tourists Warren and Julie Lavender were scuba diving off Thailand when the tsunami struck. In the process, massive segments of the ocean floor were forced upward an estimated 30 or 40 meters (up to 130 feet). PHOTO: Phuket just moments after the Indian Ocean Tsunami hit the holiday island on December 26, 2004 – Associated Press/Stephen Trupp Fifteen years after the Indian Ocean tsunami killed upwards of 230,000 people on December 26, 2004, a container at the Takua Pa police station in Phang Nga, southern Thailand, still contains personal items from the hundreds of victims whose … These included six male Indian elephants which had previously been used in making the movie Alexander. Today we remember the victims of that fateful day back in 2004. Fish product distributors refused to buy fish and crustaceans from Andaman Sea ports, and preferred to buy from Gulf of Thailand ports or even from Malaysia or Vietnam, so that they could assure consumers that there was no possibility of such contamination. “Almost no injuries, because it’s such a difficult disaster to survive.”. The "total deaths" and "total injured" categories include dead and injured persons whose nationality is not given or has not been established. His allegations were supported by the former head of the Meteorological Department, Smith Tumsaroch. Again, grants or loans from the government have been essential to enable the industry to re-equip itself. image caption Survivors walk through the debris on Phuket's Patong beach the day after the tsunami Shortly before 08:00 on 26 December 2004, a magnitude-9.1 … It was during these expeditions that scientists confirmed maximum wave heights of more than 131 feet on the northwestern tip of the island. With waves traveling 500 mph across the Indian Ocean, the tsunami hit the coastal provinces of Phang Nga and Phuket an hour and a half later. There were revelations about the height of these poles, too – the (up to) 10 meter waves submerged the shorter, older poles. The Deadliest Natural Disasters in U.S. History. Relatives of people killed in the 2004 tsunami embrace at a commemoration ceremony on Dec 26, 2014 in Phangnga’s Takua Pa district to mark the 10th anniversary of the deadly disaster. A further problem was the public aversion in Thailand to eating locally caught fish, for fear that the fish have fed on human dead bodies which were swept out to sea by the tsunami[citation needed]. Bhumi Jensen, grandson of Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej was among those killed in Khao Lak. Some 250 people were reported dead, including tourists. Curious beachgoers even wandered out among the oddly receding waves, only to be chased down by a churning wall of water. What has saved her, she tells Tim Adams , … On the morning of the 26th of December 2004, the seafloor shook and rumbled off the west coast of Sumatra. The severity of the situation in Khao Lak is probably explained by the fact, that unlike the high-rise hotels of Phuket, the village of Khao Lak only had low built bungalows instead of high-rise concrete hotels. On the left side of this map is the Andaman Sea which first receded and then roared back as a massive tsunami on December, 26, 2004, causing extensive damage and deaths along the entire west coast. The most affected country during that terrible tsunami and earthquake was Indonesia. Vasily Titov is a tsunami researcher and forecaster with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Tsunami Research. Thailand was next. The popular tourist resort of Phuket was badly hit. Asian Tsunami Disaster, Khao Lak, Thailand (2004) Asian Tsunami Disaster, Aceh, Indonesia (2004) Tai Chung County Earthquake (1999) Highland Towers Collapse in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (1993) Baguio City Earthquake, Philippines (1990) Flooding due to Dam Collapse, Attapeu Province, Laos PDR Map showing the provinces of Thailand affected, "Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on Thailand", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Photos before the destruction of Koh Phi Phi Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Effect_of_the_2004_Indian_Ocean_earthquake_on_Thailand&oldid=994672420, Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami by country, Articles needing additional references from June 2014, All articles needing additional references, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from June 2014, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from June 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 22:53. Phuket is an island in southwest Thailand. Total fourteen countries affected during the 2004 tsunami including Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, Somalia, Myanmar, Maldives, Malaysia, Tanzania, Seychelles, Bangladesh, South Africa, Kenya, and Madagascar. The death toll in Thailand was nearly 5,400 including 2,000 foreign tourists. In the long run the tsunami disaster brought considerable benefits to Thailand, especially the southern tourist areas. The family was on vacation in Thailand when the tsunami struck. The number of "foreign injured" has been reduced by evacuations of foreign nationals. “In earthquakes, a certain number of people die but many more are injured. On Sunday 26 December 2004, a magnitude 9 earthquake occurred off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. The earthquake was caused by a rupture along the fault between the Burma Plate and the I… Thai sources acknowledge that the great majority of those listed as "missing" are in fact dead, and that a large majority of these are foreigners. The number of deaths whose nationality has not been established has risen correspondingly, from less than 200 to about 2,100. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (also known as the Boxing Day Tsunami and, by the scientific community, the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake ) occurred at 07:58:53 in local time (UTC+7) on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. “It’s more like the ocean turns into a white water river and floods everything in its path.”. The sea around these islands when the tsunami struck was reported to have strong currents and divers underwater felt as though they were in a washing machine. All Rights Reserved. Describing the findings of a two-week survey of coral reefs the Thailand coast around Phuket, Phi Phi and the Surin Island three and a half months after the December 2004 tsunami, Greg Stone of the New England Aquarium wrote in National Geographic: “After more than 500 dives at 56 sites, we found plenty of damage but even more reason for optimism. The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by slippage of about 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) of the boundary between the India and Burma plates off … “We took a boat all the way from the middle of the island up to Banda Aceh, the hardest hit area, and for hundreds of kilometers it was as if somebody had taken an eraser and erased everything underneath the 20-meter line,” says Titov. It was triggered by a magnitude 9.1-9.3 earthquake along the Indian-Australian subduction zone off the northern coast of Sumatra. On a beach in Thailand, a man was leading an elephant to entertain tourists, when the tsunami came. The quake originated in a so-called megathrust fault, where heavy oceanic plates subduct beneath lighter continental plates. Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra accused the former Democratic Party of Thailand government of Chuan Leekpai of ignoring warnings in 1998 of the possible risk of a tsunami affecting Thailand. And high-density polyethylene piping was found to perform exceptionally well: as roads crumbled, the subterranean flexible pipelines formed new contours and rarely separated.[2]. Titov will never forget the scene of widespread devastation he witnessed on Sumatra even months after the tsunami waters had subsided. While the destruction in Thailand… In early November 2004, Hawai’i resident Dwayne Meadows attended a scientific conference where he purchased a commemorative t-shirt. The Director-General of the World Health Organization, Dr Lee Jong-Wook, went on Thai television to say that he was eating fish every day. Case study: tsunami. Titov emphasizes that tsunamis look nothing like the giant surfing break-style waves that many of us imagine. On the coast of Thailand, billions of tons of water crashed onto the shores.An extremely powerful earthquake, classified as a ‘megathrust’, caused an enormous Tsunami. It’s completely reversed with tsunamis,” says Titov. Due to proximity of the Andaman coasts of Thailand situated just about 500 km east of the earthquake epicentre, the tsunami took just 2 hours to reach and strike the western coastline of the country. 2004 Khao Lak Tsunami. The tsunami also moved east across the Indian Ocean. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. The nearby Ko Lanta Yai, however, was not afflicted as badly. The effect was like dropping the world’s largest pebble in the Indian Ocean with ripples the size of mountains extending out in all directions. The destruction of many second-rate structures along the beaches provided opportunities to rebuild popular tourist areas such as Patong Beach at Phuket in a more aesthetically and environmentally suitable way. An article in the Bangkok Post on 10 January suggested that some of the figures in this table may be seriously misleading. Directed by J.A. The beach resorts along the Andaman Sea coast were extensively damaged. He credits the unsparing destructiveness of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami on the raw power of the earthquake that spawned it. Feb 12, 2015 - To give an accurate representation of what happened. Moreover, a large number of people re… The city of Banda Aceh on the northern tip of Sumatra was closest to the powerful earthquake’s epicenter and the first waves arrived in just 20 minutes. A little more than a month later, he took a … This effect is also known as the tsunami drawback. Thailand Tsunami 2004 Today, Boxing day 2004 Thailand suffered one of the most horrific disasters in the history of mankind. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Khao Lak experienced the highest run-up of any tsunami wave height of any location outside Sumatra. At some places in Phuket and Phang Nga provinces, elephants were used to move and lift heavy wreckage to search for victims and to clear roads. Once caught in the raging waters, if the currents don’t pull you under, the debris will finish the job. “They are the largest faults in the world and they’re all underwater,” says Titov. Borrero remembers coming upon a colossal freighter loaded with bags of cement that had been flipped on its back with its propeller in the air. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! On Dec. 26, 2004, the world's most powerful earthquake in more than 40 years struck deep under the Indian Ocean off the west coast of Sumatra. The follow-on tsunami killed about 280,000 people and remains one of the largest humanitarian disasters in recent history. With Naomi Watts, Ewan McGregor, Tom Holland, Oaklee Pendergast. The total numbers of people killed during that tsunami were nearly 230,000. All bodies of unknown origin will now be DNA tested to determine their ethnic origin. Over 500,000 people were injured by the tsunami, with a further 150,000 at risk from infectious diseases in the aftermath. Tsunami is an ever-present and … See more ideas about tsunami, natural disasters, earthquake and tsunami. On December 26, 2004, at 7:59 am local time, an undersea earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1 struck off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. According to one report, more than 500 fishing boats and ten trawlers were destroyed, as well as many piers and fish-processing facilities. Hundreds of holiday tourists on the Phi Phi Islands were washed out to sea. Read more: The Deadliest Natural Disasters in U.S. History. Within 100 seconds, an enormous rupture in the earth crust appeared 30 km below the seabed. Thailand has a liberalised, flexible and robust economy, which has shown powers of rapid recuperation after previous setbacks. Rather than delivering one violent jolt, the quake lasted an unrelenting 10 minutes, releasing as much pent-up power as several thousand atomic bombs. Many people were the victim of one of the most powerful aspects of nature, the Tsunami. The Thai government reported 4,812[1] confirmed deaths, 8,457[1] injuries, and 4,499[1] missing after the country was hit by a tsunami caused by the Indian Ocean earthquake on 26 December 2004. December 26, 2004. The massive 9.1 magnitude quake even shook buildings in Bangkok, Thailand 1,242 miles (nearly 2,000 kilometers) from where the … [1] The epicenter of the 9.0 magnitude quake was located in the Indian Ocean near the west coast of Sumatra. It’s nearly impossible to imagine the 100-foot roiling mountain of water that engulfed the coastal city of 320,000, instantly killing more than 100,000 men, women and children. Tsunami In Thailand (2004) - Short (Documentary) This deadliest tsunami 2004 caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day is the most devastating tsunami in modern times, traveled 375 miles (600 km) in a mere 75 min. These days, Thailand is better prepared for tsunamis as they are 2 hours away from being hit again if there is a new tsunami. more Watch the tremendous tsunami of 2004 approach the coast of Thailand. People flee as a tsunami wave comes crashing ashore at Koh Raya, part of Thailand's territory in the Andaman islands, 23 kilometers from Phuket island, southern Thailand, on December 26, 2004. The resulting earthquake was the third largest ever recorded. The confidence of European tourists in travelling to places such as Phuket also took some time to recover, which is one reason why Thailand strongly backed the installed tsunami warning system. The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean. Infrastructure in general was, predictably, severely damaged, though much has been gleaned from surveying the aftermath. Khao Lak also has an extensive area of flatland only a few meters above the sea level, on which most bungalows were situated. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. As proof of the record-breaking strength of the tsunami, the last victims of the Boxing Day disaster perished nearly eight hours later when swelling seas and rogue waves caught swimmers by surprise in South Africa, 5,000 miles from the quake’s epicenter. But in the shallows they slowed, piled up… In response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, World Vision mounted its largest-ever relief response across five countries simultaneously — Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, India, and Myanmar — and raised more than $350 million. In 2004, the Belón-Álvarez family traveled to Orchid Resort Hotel in Khao Lak, Thailand for the Christmas holidays. The 2004 quake ruptured a 900-mile stretch along the Indian and Australian plates 31 miles below the ocean floor. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to … According to this article, the estimated number of deaths among Thai nationals has been reduced from about 2,500 to about 1,800, and the estimated number of deaths among foreigners has been reduced from 2,500 to 1,300. Tsunami 2004 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The smaller but increasingly popular resort area of Khao Lak some 80 km north of Phuket was hit far worse with 3,950 confirmed deaths, however, the death toll in Khao Lak may have exceeded 4,500. After the 2004 Tsunami, Thailand created a tsunami evacuation system with alarm towers along the coast, plus radio, television, and text message warnings and clearly marked evacuation routes in densely populated areas. Billions of people were waking up, making coffee, or in other parts of the globe preparing for a good night’s sleep. Addition of the tsunami's waves and associated debris demonstrated their weakness to shearing at the base. During the 2004 Tsunami, neither the quick data analysis nor the ground warning systems were in place, but since then countries involved have worked to remedy that shortcoming. Due to the topography of the seabed, coastline and reefs offshore, the tsunami waves piled on top of themselves and in doing so, create the infamous 'disappearing sea effect' which enticed many tourists to their deaths. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. Buildings folded like houses of cards, trees and cars were swept up in the oil-black rapids and virtually no one caught in the deluge survived. At 7.58am local time on December 26, 2004 - 15 years ago - a 9.1-magnitude earthquake struck off the Indonesian coast, at the northern tip of Sumatra.. Both Borrero and Titov took part in U.S. Geological Survey expeditions in early 2005 to measure the full extent of the tsunami that struck Sumatra. Thailand was one of the countries that was hit by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. “So without a natural warning, without an official warning and with no history of tsunamis, hitting coastlines full of people, that’s the perfect combination to cause a lot of death and destruction.”. Watch the tremendous tsunami of 2004 approach the coast of Thailand. As a result, even those fishing families who were able to fish were unable to sell their catch. The tsunami in Thailand that occurred on December 26, 2004, was by far the largest tsunami catastrophe in human history. The tsunami struck the west coast of Phuket island, flooding and causing damage to almost all the major beaches such as Patong, Karon, Kamala, and Kata beach. European governments have pledged large sums of money to rebuild infrastructure and to fund new schools and orphanages for the Thai communities affected, as a gesture of thanks for the assistance given to their citizens by the Thai people. It was just their fifth diving expedition. Democratic Party politicians said that Smith has failed to produce any evidence for his warnings at the time, and accused Thaksin of politicising the tsunami tragedy. Map of Phuket Island Tsunami Region in Thailand. At 7:59 AM, a 9.1-magnitude earthquake—one of the largest ever recorded—ripped through an undersea fault in the Indian Ocean, propelling a massive column of water toward unsuspecting shores. A 2004 tsunami took some 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. Live TV Many Thai-owned hotels and other small businesses were ruined, and the Thai government provided large amounts of capital to enable the recovery of the private sector. Apart from deaths, thousands of people had been injured and more than one million displaced. The first location where the tsunami was noticed was on the Similan Islands, a famous diving site located about 70 km from Phang Nga town in Pha Nga province or 13 km from central Khao Lak. But some of the worst devastation was reserved for the island nation of Sri Lanka, where more than 30,000 people were swept away by the waves and hundreds of thousands left homeless. That’s 300 miles (480 km) per hour, leaving more than 1.7 million homeless affecting 18 countries. The sectors most badly damaged were tourism and fishing. Some flooding also occurred inland, though no casualties were reported. Thailand was one of the countries that was hit by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. An hour later, on the opposite side of the Indian Ocean, the waves struck the southeastern coast of India near the city of Chennai, pushing debris-choked water kilometers inland and killing more than 10,000 people, mostly women and children, since many of the men were out fishing. It was 2004, the day after Christmas, and thousands of European and American tourists had flocked to the beaches of Thailand, Sri Lanka and Indonesia to escape the winter chill in a tropical paradise. “It’s a wave, but from the observer’s standpoint, you wouldn’t recognize it as a wave,” Titov says. Thailand held legislative elections on 6 February 2005, and the tsunami disaster was drawn into the election campaign. The fishing industry was damaged by the extensive destruction of fishing boats and tackle, which individual fishing families could not afford to replace, particularly since many lost their homes as well. 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